Nottingham Location Guide
Nottingham is a large city in Nottinghamshire widely renowned for the legend of Robin Hood and for being a tourist destination. It is best remembered for its lace-making, bicycle manufacture and the tobacco industry. It was granted city status in 1897 as part of Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee celebrations. It now has the seventh largest economy in the UK. In 2010, the city was named as one of the 'Top 10 Cities to Visit by DK Travel and in 2013, Nottingham was named the most haunted city in England, reflecting its historical past
Nottingham is best known for the ledged of Robin Hood, when Richard the Lionheart returned from the crusade and Nottingham castle was occupied by supporters of Prince John, including the Sheriff of Nottingham. In the legend of Robin Hood Nottingham Castle is the scene of the final showdown between the Sheriff and the hero outlaws.
Much of Nottingham's prosperity was founded on the textile industry specifically it was an important centre for lace manufacturing. Nottingham's textile industry fell into decline and today only a small amount of textiles is manufactured in the city.
The Old Market Square is the largest city square in the UK and is dominated by the ‘Council House’ which replaced the Nottingham Exchange Building. It has columns and stone statues of two lions at the front to stand watch over the square.
The former industrial buildings have been repurposed to provide magnificent homes, shops and restaurants. During the 20th century Nottingham’s grew with the development of new public and private housing estates and new urban centres, which provided infill development between former rural villages such as Bilborough, Wollaton, Gedling and Bramcote. South of the river there has also been expansion with new areas such as Edwalton and West Bridgford,
The main shopping centres in Nottingham is the Victoria centre which has just undergone a £40million refurbishment; it was established on the site of the former Nottingham Vitoria Railway station, and was the first to be built in the city. In addition there are many other shopping areas including:
- The Exchange Arcade houses an upmarket shopping centre containing boutiques and prestigious designer brands
- The flying horse Walk
- Trinity Square and the Pod shopping areas are recent additions
- To the south, is ‘Broadmarsh Shopping Centre’
- The Bridlessmith gate area has many designer shops
- The Canal-side adjacent to Nottingham railway Station is home to numerous redeveloped 19th-century industrial buildings, reused as bars and restaurants
- To the east you will find the Victoria Shopping Centre, built in the 1970s on the site of the demolished Victoria Railway Station. The clock tower and the station hotel, now the Nottingham Hilton Hotel still remains
- Hockley is where many of Nottingham's unique, independent shops are to be found and it is also home to two alternative cinemas.
- There are various side streets and alleys that hide some interesting buildings and shops
Tall office buildings line Maid Marian Way with the Georgian area around Oxford and Regent Streets being dominated by small professional firms. The Albert hall faces the Gothic revival St Barnabas Roman Catholic cathedral. Nottingham castle and its grounds are located in the western third of the city.
- The Theatre Royal on Theatre Square, with its pillared façade, was built in 1865.
- King and Queen Streets are home to striking Victorian buildings designed by such architects as Alfred Waterhouse and Watson fothergill.
- The 250 feet-high Victoria Centre flats stand above the shopping centre and are the tallest buildings in the city.
- The Lace market area just south of Hockley has streets with four to seven-story red brick warehouses, iron railings and red phone boxes.
- The Adam Building, built by Thomas Chambers Hine for Thomas Adams between 1817 and 1873, is currently used by New College Nottingham.
- St Mary’s church, is the largest medieval building still standing in Nottingham.
- The Georgian-built Shire Hall is home to the Galleries of Justice and was Nottingham's main court and prison building.
Ye Olde trip to Jerusalem, known as the trip is partially built into the cave system beneath Nottingham Castle and is possibly one of the oldest Pubs in the UK. There are also caves beneath the Salutation that date back to the medieval period, although they are no longer used as beer cellars. The Bell Inn is probably the oldest of the three pub buildings still standing, and has medieval cellars that are still used to store beer.
Nottingham has two large-capacity theatres, the Nottingham Playhouse and the Theatre Royal, which together with the neighbouring Royal Concert Hall forms the Royal Centre. The city also contains smaller theatre venues such as the Nottingham Arts Theatre, the Lace Market Theatre and New Theatre.
The city contains several notable museums and art galleries including:
- The Galleries of Justice – Museum of Law Trust based at the Shire Hall in the Lace Market
- Green's Windmill and Science Centre – A unique working windmill in the heart of the city that was home to the 19th-century mathematical physicist and miller, George Green.
- Nottingham Castle Museum – home to the city's fine and decorative art collections, along with the Story of Nottingham galleries, and the Sherwood Foresters Regimental Museum.
- Nottingham Contemporary – Contemporary art gallery, which opened in 2009.
- Nottingham Industrial Museum – in Wollaton Park.
- Nottingham Natural History Museum – based at Wollaton Hall.
There is a Cineworld and a Showcase in the city. Independent cinemas include the Broadway Cinema, Savoy Cinema, a four-screen Art Deco cinema, as well an Arthouse cinema in Hockley.
Nottingham has several large music and entertainment venues including the Royal Concert Hall, Rock City and the Nottingham Arena.
There are several hundred restaurants in Nottingham, several have achieved the AA rosette winning restaurants award and the Bib Gourmand award.
Nottingham hosts a number of events including:
- The Nottingham Robin Hood Pageant held in October and the city is home to the Nottingham Robin Hood Society
- The Nottingham Goose Fair is an annual funfair held at the Forest Recreation Ground in Nottingham, during the first week of October. The Goose Fair started as a trade event and its name is derived from the thousands of geese that were driven from Lincolnshire to be sold in Nottingham; it is now known for its rides and games
- Nottingham is home to the GameCity annual videogame festival, which attracts leading industry speakers from around the world
- Nottingham hosts an annual Asian Mela every summer
- Nottingham hosts a parade on St Patrick's Day, Fireworks at the Chinese New Year, Holi in the Park celebrating Hinduism, a West Indian-style Carnival, and several Sikh events each year
The city has two universities, Nottingham Trent and the University of Nottingham, both have several campuses in the city. TheUniversity of Nottingham medical School is part of the Queens medical Centre.
Nottingham has 3 further education colleges, Bilborough College, Central College and new College, in addition to the many sixth-form colleges and academies that provide education and training for adults aged over 16. Nottingham also has a number of independent schools, with Nottingham High School being the city's oldest educational establishment.
Nottingham is home to the headquarters of several companies including
- Boots the chemists
- Chinook Sciences, GM (cricket bats),
- Pedigree pet food company,
- American clothing VF Cooperation
- EON UK
- Imperial tobacco
- Gala Group
- Vision Express
- Games Workshop
- The driving standards agency
- And many more….
Nottingham was named as one of the UK's six science cities in 2005 by Gordon Brown. Among the science based industries within the city is BioCity founded as a joint venture between Nottingham Trent University and the University of Nottingham, it is the UK's biggest bioscience innovation and incubation centre, housing around 80 science-based companies.
Nottingham is home to two professional football clubs: Notts County and Nottingham Forest. Their two football grounds, on opposite sides of the River Trent, are noted for geographically being the closest in English league football.
- In the sporting world, Nottingham is home to the world's oldest professional football club, Notts County, which was formed in 1862.
- Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club plays at Trent Bridge – an international cricket venue. The club were 2010 Cricket County Champions. Trent Bridge cricket ground is a host of Test Cricket, and was one of the venues for the 2009 ICC World Twenty20.
- Nottingham has a Rugby team, Nottingham R.F.C.
- The city was the birthplace and training location for ice dancers Torvill and Dean, who won Gold at the 1984 Sarajevo Olympics. The National Ice Centre, opened by Jane Torvill, is a national centre for ice sports. The square in-front of the centre is named "Bolero Square" after Torvill and Dean's perfect 6.0 performances.
- Nottingham is home to the Nottingham Panthers ice hockey team.
- The annual tennis Aegon Trophy is held in Nottingham
- Nottingham hosts the Robin Hood Marathon, Milk Race, the Great Nottinghamshire Bike Ride and the Outlaw Triathlon
- Nottingham has Roller derby teams: Nottingham Roller Girls and the Hellfire Harlots teams
In September 2010, Nottingham was named "England's least car-dependent city" by the Campaign for Better Transport. Nottingham is served by East Midlands Airport and is well connected by road and rail. The M1 Motorway passes to the west of the city and the city has rail services running from Nottingham railway station. Electric trams were reintroduced in 2004 making Nottingham one of only 6 UK cities to have a light rail system. The city has the largest public bus network in the UK and Nottingham's waterways are now primarily used for leisure having been extensively used for transport in the past.